WASHINGTON—The hunt for cuts has come to this: Even agriculture subsidies—billions in spending both parties have embraced for years—are on the table.

With the farm economy booming and Washington on a diet, a program set up in the 1990s that cuts checks to farmers could be trimmed or eliminated next year when Congress writes a new five-year farm bill.

Here. Americans, and people all over the world, get screwed left, right, and center by subsidies and other distortions in agriculture production. We all pay more for food and have higher taxes as a result.